'Eclipse' Black Turtle Bean (RFP-115)
'Eclipse' is the first black bean released by NDAES. This class of beans is becoming increasingly popular in U.S. markets, and production is of growing importance in North Dakota.
Efforts to develop 'Eclipse' began in 1996, using parent materials to combine erect plant growth habit, disease resistance, high yield potential and early maturity into one variety. Selection for these and other traits began in 1998 in various trials conducted in North Dakota and Puerto Rico, with disease testing occurring in greenhouse and laboratory facilities on the NDSU campus. 'Eclipse' was entered into yield trials in 2000.
'Eclipse' is an early maturing, high yielding black bean with ovoid seed and a dull (opaque) black seed coat, which is typical of the black bean market class. 'Eclipse' has purple flowers, a glossy dark green leaf and exhibits an erect (Type II upright, short vine) growth habit with excellent lodging resistance.
'Eclipse' is approximately three days earlier in maturity than the popular black bean variety T-39 and exhibits a synchronous plant dry-down at harvest. 'Eclipse' is resistant to bean common mosaic virus, anthracnose race 7 and many races of rust currently found in North Dakota. It produces a canned product similar to T-39. Averaged across 14 locations in North Dakota, 'Eclipse' produced 1.7 hundredweight per acre higher yield than T-39.
This variety is protected by the Plant Variety Protection Act of 1970 as amended in 1994 (“PVPA”). The PVPA prohibits, among other things, the propagation, multiplication, production, sale, use or advertisement of this protected variety without either an assignment or license from the NDSU Research Foundation.
To ensure genetic purity, 'Eclipse' has been protected under PVPA Title V (certificate no. 200500293) and must be sold as a class of certified seed.
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