'Lariat' Pinto Bean (RFP-156)
'Lariat' is an upright pinto bean variety for use in the northern Great Plains.
Starting in 1996, 'Lariat' was derived from numerous crosses that included 'Maverick', a popular variety released by NDSU, Aztec and Winchester. The parentage in 'Lariat' also includes several experimental lines from the NDSU and Michigan State University breeding programs. The final cross to develop 'Lariat' was made during the 1998 greenhouse season.
Selections from the cross were made in New Zealand and Puerto Rico, where the bean breeding project has winter nurseries. Additional selections, evaluations and increases were made at numerous sites in east-central North Dakota (Forest River, Hatton, Johnstown and the NDSU Carrington Research Extension Center). Additional evaluations were made at other NDSU Research Extension Centers and the Midwest Regional Performance Nurseries in Michigan, Nebraska, Colorado and North Dakota.
Averaged across numerous locations, 'Lariat' has out-yielded 'Buster' and 'Maverick' by almost 4 percent and 14.5 percent, respectively. 'Laria't has resistance to bean common mosaic virus and local races of leaf rust.
'Lariat' matures an average of five days later than 'Maverick' and has excellent seed size, shape and appearance. The seed is very uniform in size, has a lighter background color and is slightly larger than 'Maverick'.
'Lariat' has an upright, short vine with good lodging resistance. It exhibits very good uniform dry down of both pods and plants. The improved plant structure, combined with its uniform dry down, suggests that this line may be suitable for direct combining using the appropriate equipment and operator care.
The NDSU Research Foundation holds plant variety protection (certificate no. 200800305) on 'Lariat' and collects research fees on this variety.
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