NDSU Edible Beans
ND Twilight black bean is the result of the cross ND021717/VAX-5. NDSU breeding line ND021717 is a black-seeded genotype with excellent upright plant architecture, early maturity and high seed yield obtained from the cross VAX-4/Raven//T-39. Germplasm lines VAX-4 and-5 are highly resistant to CBB and are the product of interspecific crosses with tepary bean (Phaseolus acutifolus Asa. Gray).
ND Pegasus is the result of a cross Lariat / G07302 made in 2009. Lariat is popular pinto cultivar released in 2008 by North Dakota State University with very high seed yield potential, semi-upright architecture, and good seed quality.
'ND Falcon' pinto is the result of a cross between breeding line NDZ06218 and Kimberly. NDSU Breeding line NDZ06248 is a complex cross series involving some sources of resistance to Common Bacterial Blight and upright plant architecture and high seed yield. Kimberly is a pinto cultivar released by the University of Idaho with excellent seed quality and high seed yield (Singh et al., 2008). It also has at least three genes for rust resistance (Ur-3, Ur-6, Ur-11).
ND Whitetail is a white kidney bean cultivar selected from the cross of Beluga/ND061209. Beluga is a white kidney bean cultivar released by Michigan State University (Kelly et al., 1999), and one of the most commonly grown white kidney cultivars in the country. ND061209 is a dark red kidney breeding line from NDSU with superior agronomic performance.
'ND Palomino' slow darkening pinto bean was jointly released by the North Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station and the USDA-ARS in 2016. 'ND Palomino' slow darkening pinto bean offers the slow darkening trait and competitive agronomic performance.
'Rosie' light red kidney (LRK) bean was released by the North Dakota Agricultural Experiment station in 2014. 'Rosie' LRK has shown superior seed yield when compared with other commonly grown varieties in the region. In 2012-2014 'Rosie' produced about 800 pounds more per acre than CELRK, 330 more than 'Foxfire', and 140 more than 'Pink Panther'.
'Talon' dark red kidney (DRK) bean was released by the North Dakota Agricultural Experiment station in 2014. 'Talon' DRK has shown superior seed yield when compared with other commonly grown varieties in the region. In 2012-2014 'Talon' produced about 10 pounds per acre more than 'Montcalm' and 170 pounds per acre more than 'Redhawk'.
'Avalanche' is a navy bean variety released by the North Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station (NDAES) in 2008. 'Avalanche' is a navy bean line selected from the cross 96-177-01-01//Voyager/Black Knight, which was made in 1999. This cross was an attempt to combine several traits such as good yield, earliness, erect architecture, desirable seed characteristics, and multiple disease resistance.
'ND-307' is a pinto bean variety released by the North Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station NDAES) in 2008. 'ND-307' is a line selected from the cross USPT-CBB-3/Matterhorn//Maverick, which was made in 1999. This hybridization series was an attempt to combine good yield, earliness, erect architecture, desirable seed characteristics, and disease resistance.
'Stampede' is an upright pinto bean variety for use in the northern Great Plains. Averaged across numerous locations during several years of testing, 'Stampede' out-yielded 'Maverick' by more than 11 percent. 'Stampede’s yield is about equal to 'Buster' and has a slightly larger seed size than 'Maverick'. 'Stampede' has resistance to bean common mosaic virus and local races of leaf rust.
'Lariat' is an upright pinto bean variety for use in the northern Great Plains. Starting in 1996, 'Lariat' was derived from numerous crosses that included 'Maverick', a popular variety released by NDSU, 'Aztec' and 'Winchester'. The parentage in 'Lariat' also includes several experimental lines from the NDSU and Michigan State University breeding programs. The final cross to develop 'Lariat' was made during the 1998 greenhouse season.
'Eclipse' is the first black bean released by NDAES. This class of beans is becoming increasingly popular in U.S. markets, and production is of growing importance in North Dakota. Efforts to develop 'Eclipse' began in 1996, using parent materials to combine erect plant growth habit, disease resistance, high yield potential and early maturity into one variety. Selection for these and other traits began in 1998 in various trials conducted in North Dakota and Puerto Rico, with disease testing occurring in greenhouse and laboratory facilities on the NDSU campus.
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